Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" <p>Bi-Annual Research Journal <strong>"Al-Qamar",</strong> Lahore <strong>(ISSN: Print 2664-438X , Online 2664-4398)</strong> is a double blind peer-reviewed open access journal. "It is approved by <strong>Higher Education Commission of Pakistan (HEC) in Y category</strong>. Editor of the journal is <strong>Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz Manj.</strong></p> <p>The journal is multidisciplinary publication covering all areas of Islamic learning and related branches of knowledge including subjects such as Quran, Ḥadīth, Sīra, Fiqh and Islamic Law, Sufism, Philosophy and theology, Classical and contemporary Muslim thought and issues related to Modern Muslim societies.</p> <p>The journal aims at addressing the issues related to Islam and Muslims. It welcomes the manuscripts dealing with range of areas mentioned above and presenting the reflections useful in global and Pakistani context.</p> <p>The journal accepts the submissions in three languages (Urdu, English and Arabic). If you are considering submitting an article to the Journal, please take a careful notice of the guidelines set out in “Note to contributors.”</p> <p> </p> en-US (Dr Muhammad Shahbaz Manj) (Muhammad Hassan Ubaid) Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Religious Pluralism: The Perspective of Twentieth Century Muslim Perennial Philosopher Frithjof Schuon <p>Religious Pluralism has become an important area of philosophy of religion because of increasing diversity of religions which causes increasing religious conflicts in present-day world. There are diverse thoughts which address the common goals of Religious Pluralism; however in western societies Perennialist scholars are most influential in advocating religious diversity and in bringing reaffirmation of Perennial wisdom. The paper first uncovers the rediscovery of Perennial philosophy in twentieth century while disseminating the belief in universal truth. The paper also focuses on the perspective of Muslim traditionalist intellectual Frithjof Schoun one of the founder of Perennial philosophy for the implication of Religious pluralism in the Globalized world involves not only Abrahamic religions but Buddhism and Hinduism by presenting the idea of Transcendent unity of religions. This is concluded that as a representative of traditional school of thought Frithjof Schuon proposed a unique perspective of religious pluralism based on the indispensable notion of religious diversity, esoterism and exoterism in identifying transcendent unity of religions as the substantiate essence of religious pluralism.</p> Neelam Bano, Dr. Humaira Ahmad Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Investigation of Services Utilization Decisions in Islamic Banking: Role of Motives and Behavior <p>Islamic banking is essential for individual and collective well-being due to its built-in merits e.g. transparency, economic justice and profit &amp; loss sharing etc. The study investigates service utilization decisions in Islamic banking based upon motives and behavior. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 200 respondents and SPSS was used to analyze the data through descriptive statistics, correlation and regression analysis etc. Results indicate that <em>Maq</em><em>āṣ</em><em>ad-e-Shar</em><em>īʻ</em><em>ah</em> is one of the main motives for Islamic banking. However, there is an evident gap that is reported between expectations and perceptions among banking customers. Findings show that there is statistically significant positive association between bank selection motives and banking behavior for Islamic banks customers reported satisfied behavior for banking with Islamic banks. It could enhance understanding of stakeholders.</p> Dr. Ashfaq Ahmad, Zeeshan Ullah, Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz Manj Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Role of Sufis for Peace and Harmony in the Society: A Study of the Views of Benazir Bhutto Women University Students Regarding the Shrine of Kākā Ṣāḥib <p><strong><em>Syed Kastī</em></strong><strong><em>r Gul, </em></strong><strong>commonly </strong>known as <em>K</em><em>ākā Ṣāḥib</em> and <em>Sheikh Ra</em><em>ḥamkār, </em>is a great mystic of 10<sup>th</sup> century. He is famous for his outstanding services for peace, love and harmony. Thousands of visitors and pilgrims come to his shrine every day for their spiritual satisfaction. This paper studies the opinions of Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University students about the role of <em>K</em><em>ākā Ṣāḥib</em> and his shrine regarding the services of this great mystic for maintaining peace, harmony and love in the society. Results of the research are obtained by using qualitative and quantitative methods. The views of the students are displayed through tables and different shapes. Majority of the students have admitted that a mystic, through Islamic teachings, can play a significant role in creating peace and harmony in the society. Their thoughts demonstrate that <em>K</em><em>ākā Ṣāḥib</em> spent his whole life for the service of humanity. Society can get huge inspiration from this pious personality and his shrine to avoid violence and to create a peaceful environment in the society.</p> Dr. Naseem Akhter Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Reproduction, Infertility and (ARTs): A Study from Islamic and Bio-Medical Perspectives <p>This article presents a comparative analysis of the biomedical and Islamic view points on the concepts of marriage as an institution of reproduction, infertility and the need and necessity to carry out and put into service contemporary Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ARTs) when the spouses are affected with the full or partial infertility. There is a common connotation that the <em>Sharī‘ah</em> rejects all forms of ARTs but this research nullifies this assumption and gives rational reasons when a technique is rejected and provides reasons too when any such technique is accepted under Islamic law. ARTs like Artificial Insemination, In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Donor Eggs and Donor Sperms, Surrogacy and Cloning have been discussed in the light of <em>Sharī‘ah</em> rulings in order to examine the conditions for their permissibility by evaluating their nature and medical process.</p> Dr. Shazia Kiyani, Yasir Munir, Sohaib Ahmed Hashmi Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Friday Sermon as a Channel to Resolve the Ethical Issues in Contemporary Muslim Societies <p>Present day Muslim societies are plagued by numerous moral problems. These problems can be addressed in different ways. One of the main means is the Friday Sermon (<em>Khutba al-Jumu</em><em>ʻ</em><em>ah</em>). This article studies the Friday Sermon as a channel to solve the ethical issues in the contemporary Muslim societies. It shows that Friday sermon is an important media outlet in which speakers can preach Islamic teachings that have utmost importance to Muslims in their daily lives. Through this channel preachers can spread positive values, and direct Muslims towards the required high morals and excellent manners. If adopted in the spirit of Islam, it can be very helpful in solving the ethical issues of modern-day Muslim societies.</p> Dr. Syed Abdul Ghaffar Bukhari, Dr. Abdul Qadir Gondal Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A Study of the Debate on Financial Perspective of the Prophet (ﷺ) <p>Some people, particularly orientalists claim that Prophet Muhammad belonged to a less privileged class; his financial condition was very weak and feeble. They assert that the major monetary source of the Prophet was booty and plunder. Muslim scholars and some of orientalists, on the contrary, affirm that the Prophet belongs to a rich family but he sacrificed his wealth for his sacred mission. This paper discussing the criticism on financial resources of the prophet provides valuable information on the subject. It concludes that the Prophet could create wealth and could lead a lavish life, but he did not live this way for the sake of others. The prophetic economy was actually the reflection of the Islamic principle of moderation, contentment and trust in God. His life was a symbol of gratitude with the enjoyment of the blessings created by Allah Almighty within the limitations of the principles of <em>Shar</em><em>īʻ</em><em>ah</em>.</p> Dr. Farhat Aziz, Muhammad Yousuf Yaqub Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Issue of Prohibition of Teaching Women to Write: A Study of Ḥadīth "لاتعلموهن الکتابة" <p>Islam is alleged of forbidding women from learning to write. It is said that a <em>Ḥ</em><em>ad</em><em>ī</em><em>th</em> from <em>ʻ</em><em>A’isha</em> says: "Don't teach women to write." This article explores the authenticity and correct context of the mentioned <em>Ḥ</em><em>ad</em><em>ī</em><em>th</em>. The gist of this article is that the <em>ḥ</em><em>ad</em><em>ī</em><em>th</em> referred is not worthy of argument regarding the under discussion issue. All the <em>Mu</em><em>ḥ</em><em>addith</em><em>ī</em><em>n</em> except Imam <em>Ḥā</em><em>kim</em> agree that this narration is invalid, and Imam <em>Ibn Jawz</em><em>ī</em> has expressed surprise about the negligence of Imam <em>Ḥā</em><em>kim</em> in this regard. Moreover, there are separate <em>ḥ</em><em>ad</em><em>ī</em><em>ths</em> on the justification of women learning to write, one of which is narrated from <em>ʻ</em><em>A’isha</em>, who is also the narrator of the under discussion <em>ḥ</em><em>ad</em><em>ī</em><em>th</em>. Imam <em>Bal</em><em>ā</em><em>dhar</em><em>ī</em> has mentioned from his chain of transmission, the names of five early Muslim women who knew how to write. Many great <em>Mu</em><em>ḥ</em><em>addith</em><em>ī</em><em>n</em> and jurists have also explained the legitimacy of teaching women to write.</p> Dr. Javed Khan, Dr. Muhammad Mushtaq Ahmed Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Family and Relatives of the Prophet (ﷺ): An Introductory Study of the Writings of Dr. Yāsīn Maẓhar Ṣiddīqī <p>Study of the Family and relatives of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) has been an important subject of study in <em>S</em><em>īra</em> writings. Amongst the modern day biographers of the Prophet (ﷺ), an Indian scholar <em>Dr. Yāsīn Maẓhar Ṣiddīqī</em> has done a valuable work in the mentioned area. This article offers an introductory study of some of his writings on the family and relatives of the Prophet (ﷺ). It argues that <em>Dr.</em><em> Ṣiddīqī’s </em>research on the subject presents authentic and accurate information on the relevant personalities. He has provided wonderful insights to the seekers of guidance from the lives and characters of the people related to the <em>S</em><em>īra</em> of the Prophet and true evidences and facts to the researchers of the area.</p> Syeda Rabbia Ahmad, Dr. Monazza Hayat Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A Study of al-Ḥuqūq al-Mujarrada <p>This article deals with the rules of <em>al-</em><em>Ḥ</em><em>uq</em><em>ū</em><em>q al-Mujarrada</em> in Islamic jurisprudence. It explores that Withdrawal from abstract rights without any compensation has unanimously been permitted by the scholars. Inheritance and wills are not issued for essential rights. In the rest of abstract rights, inheritance and will issued according to the most of <em>Ḥ</em><em>anaf</em><em>ī</em> scholars. As far compensation for essential rights is concerned, it is not permissible. However, it is permissible to take compensation as a withdrawal. The sale of consensual rights is permissible according to the majority and contemporary jurists, while the sale of some rights is permissible according to the classical <em>Ḥ</em><em>anaf</em><em>ī</em> scholars. Similarly, the sale and compensation of modern forms of abstract rights is not permissible according to some scholars, but it is permissible according to the majority of contemporary jurists.</p> Hafiz Nasir Ali, Dr. Ghulam Shams-ur-Rehman Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Belief in Allah Almighty and His Attributes: Al-Ghazālī’s Thoughts and their Contemporary Significance <p>Doctrine of Allah Almighty and His attributes is the most important creed in Islam. This article discusses <em>al-Ghaz</em><em>ā</em><em>l</em><em>ī</em><em>’s </em>thoughts on the subject and highlights their contemporary significance. &nbsp;It shows that <em>al-Ghaz</em><em>ā</em><em>l</em><em>ī</em> has very comprehensively elaborated the Islamic creed on Allah Almighty and His attributes. In the light of <em>al-Ghaz</em><em>ā</em><em>l</em><em>ī</em><em>’s</em> ideas special attention needs to be paid to the reform of beliefs on the subject referred. It suggests that contemporary scholars must reform the distortions in the Muslims beliefs by adopting <em>al-Ghaz</em><em>ā</em><em>l</em><em>ī</em><em>’s</em> methodology about the reformation of the distorted beliefs regarding Allah and His attributes. This is the way for the present day Muslim scholars to play their effective role in curbing the growing ideology of atheism.</p> Dr. Naseem Mahmood, Dr. Abdul Aleem, Dr. Saeed Ahmad Saeedi Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Constitutional Struggle in Azad Kashmir to declare Qādiānīs as non-Muslims <p>Muslim faith stipulates that Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) is the last Prophet and his Prophet-hood will not devolve to anyone till the Day of Judgment. Despite this, false claimants to Prophet-hood kept coming but were rejected by the Muslim Community and kept getting consigned to the dustbin of history. One of those claimants was <em>Mirz</em><em>ā Ghulām Ahmad Qādiānī</em> who claimed to be a Prophet in 1901 in British India. All the major Muslim schools of thought and sects of the region concurred that <em>Q</em><em>ādiānī</em> and his followers were not part of the Muslim <em>Ummah</em>. So it was continuously demanded to declare <em>Q</em><em>ādiānī</em> and his followers as Non-Muslim. In Pakistan they were declared as non-Muslims in 1974.&nbsp; This article summarizes the legal and constitutional struggle to get <em>Q</em><em>ādiānīs</em> declared as non-Muslims in Azad Kashmir, which ended in declaring them non-Muslims in 2018.</p> Dr. Muhammad Irfan, Dr. Hamid Farooq Bukhari Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Role of first-century Muslim women in Rreformation and its Relevance in Modern Era <p>According to Islamic point of view every Muslim is a preacher and reformer. Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) directed the Muslims to convey others even if they have a single verse or tradition of Islam. In this perspective many Muslim reformers always have been trying to renovate the condition of Muslim individuals and societies within their jurisdictions and capacities. Muslim women have also considerably been contributing in this regard. This paper presents the role of the first-century Muslim women from the referred perspective. It provides some important accounts and activities of the woman belonged to the mentioned era. It suggests that modern day Muslim women should follow the footsteps of the first century Muslim women for the reformation and renovation of the situations and conditions of relevant Muslim individuals and societies.</p> Muhammad Majid Khan, Dr. Muhammad Idrees Lodhi Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Role of Islamic Objectives of Family Formation in achieving the Social Well-being: A Study of Quran and Ḥadīth <p>Social well-being is a value that everyone, religious and non-religious, aspires to attain. From Islamic perspective, there are many ways to achieve this value. One of them is the Islamic motives and interests related to the formation of Family. This study of Islamic objectives of family formation with reference to Quran and <em>Ḥ</em><em>ad</em><em>ī</em><em>th</em> makes it clear that the goals of Islam regarding family formation as continuity of race, tranquility and contentment, protection of chastity, good training of children, elimination of hardship, sense of responsibility, health and fitness, the spirit of self-sacrifice, the pleasure of Allah and the ease of parenting in old age, are the best source of social well-being. Muslims should always keep these goals in mind while starting and living a family life and play their role in achieving the said objective.</p> Tariq Aziz, Hafiz Fareed Ud Din, Dr. Qazi Furqan Ahmad Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Theory of the Abolition of Slavery in Islam: A Study in the Context of Islamic Attitudes towards Slaves <p>It is objected that instead of abolishing slavery, Islam made it an integral part of society and gave it permanent status. But a closer look at Islamic teachings reveals that Islam gave slaves far greater rights than all other religions and societies, sought to bring them on an equal footing with free people, and took many steps to end slavery. This article seeks to clarify this attitude of Islam. It argues that Islam did not initiate slavery, it already existed in society. The divine law has always been that it gradually corrects unwelcome matters. Islam instructed its followers to treat slaves well and socially made them equal to free people. It repeatedly issued decrees on the liberation of slaves for various religious reasons, which eventually paved the way for the abolition of slavery. Finally a law of the ultimate ban on enslavement was revealed that slaves could make contract of their freedom with their masters.</p> Dr. Kalsoom Bibi, Dr. Hafiz Abdul Rashid Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Interfaith Dialogue: Contemporary Issues and Suggestions for Solutions <p>Present era is facing manifold problems on the issue of interfaith dialogue. To make the ongoing interfaith dialogue fruitful people should overcome these hurdles. Islam has the vibrant potential for the improvement of the existing culture of interfaith dialogue. This paper studies the current problems and prospects of interfaith dialogue. It argues that dialogue can be made fruitful through mutual respect and understanding, particularly between Islam and the West. West can play vital role in this regard, as there are much more misconceptions about Islam.</p> Dr. Mehboob Ali Shah, Dr. Arshad Munir Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Role of Sufis in Reforming Morality and Character: A Study of the Thought of Sultān Bāhū <p>Sufis have played a remarkable role in efforts to reform morality and character. This article studies the thought of <em>Sult</em><em>ā</em><em>n B</em><em>ā</em><em>h</em><em>ū,</em> a prominent Sufi of 17the century, on moral and character building of human beings. It finds that the referred Sufi played a pivotal role in moral and character building of his followers as well as all seekers of high moral ranks. It ends with the suggestion of adopting <em>B</em><em>ā</em><em>h</em><em>ū</em><em>’s</em> thought to equip the individuals and society with good manners.</p> Muhammad Amin, Dr. Ghulam Shams-ur-Rehman Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 UN Declaration on Minorities 1992 from Islamic Perspective <p>United Nations has adopted number of declarations of Fundamental Rights. This article studies the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Persons belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities adopted by General Assembly resolution 47/135 of 18 December 1992 from Islamic perspective. Comparing the rights of minorities between Islam and the UN Declaration, it says that the mentioned Declaration on is the result of a continuous and long struggle, whereas Islam from the very beginning reserved all such minorities rights without any adventure or effort.</p> Muhammad Muddasar, Dr. Zahida Parveen, Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Iqbal Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Methodologies of the Commentators of Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: A Study of Fatḥ al-Mulhim and Minnat ul-Munʻim <p><em>Ṣ</em><em>a</em><em>ḥ</em><em>ī</em><em>ḥ</em> Muslim, a well-known collection of Prophetic traditions, is considered to be a second most legitimate <em>ḥ</em><em>ad</em><em>ī</em><em>th</em> corpus after <em>Ṣ</em><em>a</em><em>ḥ</em><em>ī</em><em>ḥ</em><em> al-Bukh</em><em>ā</em><em>r</em><em>ī</em><em>.</em> Number of translations and commentaries of this book have been written. <em>Fat</em><em>ḥ</em><em> al-Mulhim</em> by <em>Shabb</em><em>ī</em><em>r </em>Ahmad <em>Usm</em><em>ā</em><em>n</em><em>ī</em> and <em>Minnat ul-Mu</em><em>ʻ</em><em>im</em> by <em>Ṣ</em><em>af</em><em>ī</em><em>-</em><em>ur-Ra</em><em>ḥ</em><em>m</em><em>ā</em><em>n M</em><em>u</em><em>b</em><em>ā</em><em>rakp</em><em>ū</em><em>r</em><em>ī</em> are two prominent Arabic commentaries written in Indo-Pak subcontinent. This article studies the methodologies of these two commentaries. It finds that along with number of commonalities, both the commentators have mentionable differences in elaborating the <em>ḥ</em><em>ad</em><em>ī</em><em>ths</em> and developing the arguments in support of their opinions regarding the explanations of different <em>ḥ</em><em>ad</em><em>ī</em><em>ths</em> and related words, phrases and personalities etc. Both offer arguments from Quran, <em>ḥ</em><em>ad</em><em>ī</em><em>th,</em> Arabic grammar and previous scholars etc. but <em>Usm</em><em>ā</em><em>n</em><em>ī</em> goes into more details of the relevant issues than <em>M</em><em>u</em><em>b</em><em>ā</em><em>rakp</em><em>ū</em><em>r</em><em>ī.</em></p> Hafiz Muhammad Hassan Ubaid , Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz Manj Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Islamic Perspective on Women's Politics and Leadership: A Study of the Opinions of Selected Scholars of Subcontinent <p>From the Islamic point of view, a woman's primary domain is her home. But he is also allowed to engage in activities outside the home with appropriate restrictions. However there is a much debate amongst the scholars on the political role and leadership of women in Islamic perspective. This article gives a brief overview of the opinions of selected scholars of subcontinent on the referred issue. It explores that wherever there was a need, Muslim women showed the essence of their abilities and talents. Muslim women who were mature in political understanding used to offer their services in the field of politics with freedom and convenience. Muslim rulers were fully aware of women's understanding and political awareness. From time to time, these rulers consulted politically savvy women in state affairs and sometimes sought advice from these women. So, according to Islamic <em>Shar</em><em>īʻah</em>, a woman can take part in political activities, taking care of her Islamic etiquette, and if she is qualified, she can get political leadership.</p> Rozeena Hussain Shah, Dr. Umar Hayat Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Role of Religion in Human Life: An Analytical Study <p>Religion has always played an important role in human life. It has been a source of physical comfort and spiritual elevation. Its impacts and fruits have been felt and recognized by intellectuals and researchers. This article discussing the meaning and historical perspective of religion, highlights its role in human life. It explores that this is the religion that guarantees peace and beauty in the individual and social life of human beings. It also reveals the significance of religion from Islamic perspective. Islam is of the view that it is the last religion chosen by Allah Almighty. It proclaims that whoever seeks refuge in Islam and truly follows its teachings, it will make him successful in this world and in the Hereafter.</p> Hafiz Muhammad Sarwar, Dr. Mustafeez Alvi Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Establishment of Islamic Brotherhood in Contemporary Muslim Societies: A Study of the Models of the Prophet and his Companions <p>Along with manifold other problems, contemporary Muslim societies are facing the issue of disunity and conflict. Every sensitive Muslim wants this problem to end and the Islamic societies to become a good example of Islamic brotherhood. Addressing this problem, the present article aims at pointing out the relevant examples from the biographies and teachings of the Prophet (ﷺ) and his companions. Presenting and interpreting the multiple examples from the lives of the Holy Prophet and his Companions on the subject, the article proves that an ideal Muslim brotherhood in the contemporary Muslim societies can be established imitating these beautiful characters and conducts.</p> Naveed Iqbal, Dr. Summayah Rafique Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Ḥadīth and Aḥsan al- Ḥadīth: A Critical Review of Muhammad Sheikh's Thoughts <p>The importance and authority of <em>ḥadīth</em> in Islam is undeniable. It has been studied by various scholars from different angles. A significant debate in this context is about those who deny its religious status and claim that Islam is all in the Quran and <em>ḥadīth</em> is nothing to do with it. One of such people is Muhammad Sheikh of Karachi. He has raised objections to the importance and meaning of <em>ḥadīth</em> making <em>ḥadīth</em> and the Qurānic words "<em>A</em><em>ḥsan al-Ḥadīth</em>" as his special focus. To him <em>ḥadīth</em> is actually the events that are narrated in the Quran with reference to Muhammad and other prophets. This article examining his views concludes that these understandings are against the Quran as well as the interpretations and <em>Qur</em><em>ānic</em> commentaries of great Muslim scholars. The meanings of <em>ḥadīth</em> which Sheikh has stated are completely contrary to the style of the expression in the Quran and the clear principles of deriving meaning from this sacred text.</p> Dr. Hafiz Iftikhar Ahmad Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Role of the State in addressing the Problem of Unemployment: A Study from Ḥadīth Perspective <p>Most of the countries in present day World are facing the problem of unemployment. Various projects are being implemented to eliminate the issue and many are under consideration. Islam also has numerous strategies in this regard. This study highlights the role of the state in addressing the problem from <em>Ḥadīth </em>perspective. It shows that <em>Ḥadīth</em> and <em>Sunnah</em> of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) has comprehensive plans to address the issue. Islamic principles based on <em>Ḥadīth </em>and <em>Sunnah</em> obligate the Islamic State to provide for the economic needs of all its inhabitants. They ensure a viable employment system supported by efficient Islamic government’s public policies.</p> Dr. Muhammad Abu Bakar, Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Iqbal Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Principles of Moderation in Spending <p>Money has been given a significant status in Islamic teachings for its vital role in economy as prime intermediary to promote trade and employment. Hard earned <em>Ḥalāl</em> money is difficult to spend, so Islam has taken certain measures to persuade its followers to spend money for self needs, necessities and even luxuries but in a moderate manner avoiding destructing it in extravagant expenditure. This paper studies the Islamic principles of moderation in spending. It finds that Muslims are not only allowed but demanded to spend money with generosity but it is within certain limits.</p> Dr. Manzoor Ahmad Al-Azhari Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Relations of the Prophet (ﷺ) with his family <p>A good relationship with the family is a symbol of the beauty of an individual's personality on the one hand and a guarantee of a good social life on the other. This article discusses the Prophet's relationship with his family. It explains how he maintained good and ideal relationships with his parents, wives and children. Despite engagements in Prophetic responsibilities, the Prophet (ﷺ) never let his family life to suffer. Being orphan by birth, Prophet Muhammad showed great deal of affection to his mother and grandfather. After their sad demise, his relationship with his uncle <em>Ab</em><em>ū Tālib</em> and his family is consummate. Similarly, his association with his wife <em>Khad</em><em>īja</em> is exemplary. So are his ties with later wives. There is a lesson for Muslims in referred attitude of the Prophet (ﷺ) towards his family that they should follow the example of the Prophet and make their family system ideal so that a good family and society can be formed.</p> Ghulam Mustafa, Hafiz Muhammad Akbar Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Ḥawāshī writing Trends in Subcontinent: An Introductory Study of the Taʻlīqāt works of Abū al-Ḥasan al-Sindī and ʻAbd al-Ḥakīm Siālkotī <p>Muslim tradition has a long history of <em>Ḥ</em><em>awāshī</em> or <em>Ta</em><em>ʻ</em><em>l</em><em>ī</em><em>q</em><em>ā</em><em>t</em> (Marginal Notes) writing. Different scholars have been developing important works of <em>Ḥ</em><em>awāshī</em> in different periods. This article introduces the tradition of <em>Ḥ</em><em>awāshī </em>in Muslim intellectual history, particularly in Indo-Pak subcontinent. Focusing the relevant works of two scholars, <em>Abū al-</em><em>Ḥ</em><em>asan al-Sindī</em> and <em>ʻ</em><em>Abd al-</em><em>Ḥ</em><em>ak</em><em>ī</em><em>m Si</em><em>ā</em><em>lkot</em><em>ī,</em> it explores the role of the said scholars in the referred field. Giving the detailed list of the works of the mentioned scholars, this paper examines the value and worth of their <em>Ta</em><em>ʻ</em><em>l</em><em>ī</em><em>q</em><em>ā</em><em>t</em> works<em>.</em></p> Dr. Iftikhar Ahmad Khan, Dr. Aijaz Ali Khoso Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Rashīd Ridā between criticism and engagement in Isrāīliyāt: An Analytical Study in the light of Tafsīr al-Manār <p>This paper studies the behavior of renowned Egyptian commentator of the Quran <em>Rash</em><em>īd Ridā</em> regarding <em>Isr</em><em>āīliyāt</em> (Judo-Biblical mythology) in his <em>Tafs</em><em>īr al-Manār.</em> It finds that <em>Rash</em><em>īd Ridā</em> criticizes <em>Isr</em><em>āīliyāt</em> and condemns the Muslim scholars who have mentioned <em>Isr</em><em>āīliyāt</em> in their books. He is so harsh in this regard that he did not even exonerate the companions of the Prophet and their successors. But while engaging in his own <em>Tafs</em><em>īr</em> he himself doesn’t avoid mentioning and coping events and stories from <em>Isr</em><em>āīliyā</em>. The article provides comprehensive examples on <em>Rash</em><em>īd Ridā’s</em> mentioned eccentric position.</p> Aziz Ahmad, Shah Room Bacha Copyright (c) 2020 Bi-Annual Research Journal"Al-Qamar" Tue, 30 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000