Martin Lings on Prophet Muhammad A Critical and Analytical review of his book, “Muhammad: His Life Based on Earliest Sources”
Keywords:Historiography, Martin Lings, Sirah.
Western scholars have been studying & writing about the life of Prophet Muhammad for many centuries. But there are few scholars in the west who have studied the life of Muhammad objectively. Martin Lings is included in the list of those famous western scholars. He has discussed different aspects of the life of Prophet Muhammad in his research work and writings. This research article aims to find out the life history, the contents of his book, and their historiographicl analysis. After briefly mentioning his thoughts, this paper proves that he uses authentic and reliable sources along with literary language, combines socio-cultural analysis with the reading of scriptures and Hadith, and includes stories of miracles.
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Urwah bin Zubair bin Awwam, including the tabi'in generation. It is possible that Urwah died in 94 AH.
Aban bin Uthman bin Affan was the son of the third caliph, Uthman bin Affan. He died during the time of the Caliph Yazid bin Abdul Malik.
Abu Abdullah Wahab bin Munabbih came from Yemen.
Syihab az-Zuhri was a student of Urwah bin Zubair and Aban bin Uthman. He died in 124 A.H.
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. See Peter Burke, History and Social Theory, (New York: Cornell University Press, 1992). 30-31.
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