حياة الشيخ عبد الحي الفاروقي ومنهجه في تفسيره "تفسيرالفرقان في معارف القرآن": دراسة تحليلية وصفية

The Life of Shaikh ‘Abdul Hayy al-Fārūqī and his Approach to his Exegesis “Tafsīr al-Furqān fī M‘ārif al-Qurān”: An Analytical and Descriptive Study

Authors

  • Dr. Muhammad Tayyeb Nadeem Assistant Professor, Dept. of Sciences & Humanities, National University of Computer & Emerging Sciences, Islamabad
  • Kaleem Abbas Doctoral Candidate Islamic Studies, HITECH University, Taxila
  • Dr. Mussarrat Malik Senior Lecturer, Department of Islamic & Pak Studies, University of Wah, Wah Cantt, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53762/alqamar.05.01.a03

Keywords:

Hermeneutics, Shah Wali Allah, Abrogation, Abdul Hayy al-Faruqi, Sub-Continent, Balanced Approach, Exegesis

Abstract

The Islamic nation has tried to understand the Book of Allah Almighty and know its meanings since the dawn of the true religion. The first to interpret this great book was our Prophet Muhammad himself (May God bless him and grant him peace). Indian subcontinent is very fertile in this discipline. Among the major contributors is Sheikh Abdul Hayy -al-Faruqi. Al-Faruqi, was one of scholars in Quranic Sciences who became famous in the scientific circles and adhered to the Sheikh of India Mahmood al-Hassan al-Deobandi and extracted from the knowledge of his approach, and among the most prominent students of Sheikh Ubaidullah Sindhi and Sheikh Abu al-Kalam Azad. Sheikh Abd al-Hayy al-Faruqi authored different voluminous and short books in the field of Quranic sciences. But his best contribution is the book; “Tafsīr-al- Qurān fi Marif –al-Qurān.” This commentary on Quran has some distinguishing features and distinctive aspects in the art of interpreting the Qur’an following the principles established by Shah Wali Allah in his book “al-fawz al-Kabir fi Usul al-Tafsir”. In this article, the attempts will be made to search his scientific and balanced approach used in his given Quranic exegesis and to explore to what extend he succeeded.

References

Al-Nahl: 16:44.

Sheikh Mahmood Hasan bin Zulfiqār known as “Sheikh al-Hind, see for detail: Bukhari, Akbar Shah, Akābir ‘Ulamā Deoband, (Lahor: Idārah Islāmiyāt, No date), 41-44; Ridvī, Mahboob, Tārīkh Dārul ‘Ulūm Deoband (Lahore: al-Mīzān Nāshirān wa Tājirān Kutub, 2005), 2:33-36.

‘Ubaidullah Sindhi,Bukhari known as “Maolana Sindhi, see for detail: Akbar Shah, Akābir ‘Ulamā Deoband, (Lahor: Idārah Islāmiyāt, No date), 41-44; Ridvī, Mahboob, Tārīkh Dārul ‘Ulūm Deoband (Lahore: al-Mīzān Nāshirān wa Tājirān Kutub, 2005), 2:33-36.

Muhiyyuddin Ahmad known as “Abul Kalam Azad, see for detail: ‘Abdul Hayy al-Hasani, al-‘Ilām biman fī Tārīkh al-Hind min al-A‘alām (Beruit: Dār Ibn Hazm, 1999), 4:314.

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Ibid., 59.

Detail already given in reference 2.

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He Sheikh Rasid Ahmamd Gangohi. See: Bukhari, Akbar Shah, Akābir ‘Ulamā Deoband, 41-44, 56; Ridvī, Mahboob, Tārīkh Dārul ‘Ulūm Deoband, 1:126-30.

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‘Abdul Ghanī al-Mujaddidī al-Dehlavi (1820-1879), He was Hadīth scholar as well as Hanafī jurist, see: Nuzhat al-Khawātir, 4:143.

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Given already in reference 4.

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Ibid., 1:59.

Shah Wali Allah bin Abdul Rahim Dehlavi..

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Ibid., 33

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Al-Nisā: 4: 1.

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Shah Wali Allah, al-Fawz al-Kabīr, 62.

Sindhi, Ilhām al-Rahmān fī Tafsīr al-Qurān (Lahore: Dār al-‘Ilm, 2005), 252.

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Al-Anfāl: 8:65.

Shah Wali Allah, Al-Fawz al-Kabīr, 65.

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Husain Ali, Sheikh, Bulghat al-Hairān fī Rabt Āyāt al-Qurān (Gujranwala: Maktabah Hanafiyyah, No date), 21.

Al-Ahzāb: 33:52.

Ibid., 50

Shah Wali Allah, al-Fawz al-Kabīr, 66.

He is famous scholar, Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, see: al-Zarkali, al-‘Alām, 3:301-2.

Husain Ali, Bulghat al-Hairān, 21-22.

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Shah Wali Allah, al-Fawz al-Kabīr, 68.

Sindhi, Qurānī Shaūr-e Inqilāb, Comp. Bashir Ahmad Ludhyānvi, ed. Abdul Ghani (Lahore: Qudratullāh Press, ed. 3rd, 1999), 176.

Husain Ali, Bulghat al-Hairān, 22.

Ghulām Allāh, Tafsīr Jawāhir al-Qurān, 3:1235.

Published

2022-03-31

How to Cite

Dr. Muhammad Tayyeb Nadeem, Kaleem Abbas, and Dr. Mussarrat Malik. 2022. “حياة الشيخ عبد الحي الفاروقي ومنهجه في تفسيره "تفسيرالفرقان في معارف القرآن": دراسة تحليلية وصفية: The Life of Shaikh ‘Abdul Hayy Al-Fārūqī and His Approach to His Exegesis ‘Tafsīr Al-Furqān Fī M‘ārif Al-Qurān’: An Analytical and Descriptive Study”. Al-Qamar 5 (1):23-34. https://doi.org/10.53762/alqamar.05.01.a03.