حياة الشيخ عبد الحي الفاروقي ومنهجه في تفسيره "تفسيرالفرقان في معارف القرآن": دراسة تحليلية وصفية
The Life of Shaikh ‘Abdul Hayy al-Fārūqī and his Approach to his Exegesis “Tafsīr al-Furqān fī M‘ārif al-Qurān”: An Analytical and Descriptive Study
Keywords:Hermeneutics, Shah Wali Allah, Abrogation, Abdul Hayy al-Faruqi, Sub-Continent, Balanced Approach, Exegesis
The Islamic nation has tried to understand the Book of Allah Almighty and know its meanings since the dawn of the true religion. The first to interpret this great book was our Prophet Muhammad himself (May God bless him and grant him peace). Indian subcontinent is very fertile in this discipline. Among the major contributors is Sheikh Abdul Hayy -al-Faruqi. Al-Faruqi, was one of scholars in Quranic Sciences who became famous in the scientific circles and adhered to the Sheikh of India Mahmood al-Hassan al-Deobandi and extracted from the knowledge of his approach, and among the most prominent students of Sheikh Ubaidullah Sindhi and Sheikh Abu al-Kalam Azad. Sheikh Abd al-Hayy al-Faruqi authored different voluminous and short books in the field of Quranic sciences. But his best contribution is the book; “Tafsīr-al- Qurān fi Marif –al-Qurān.” This commentary on Quran has some distinguishing features and distinctive aspects in the art of interpreting the Qur’an following the principles established by Shah Wali Allah in his book “al-fawz al-Kabir fi Usul al-Tafsir”. In this article, the attempts will be made to search his scientific and balanced approach used in his given Quranic exegesis and to explore to what extend he succeeded.
Sheikh Mahmood Hasan bin Zulfiqār known as “Sheikh al-Hind, see for detail: Bukhari, Akbar Shah, Akābir ‘Ulamā Deoband, (Lahor: Idārah Islāmiyāt, No date), 41-44; Ridvī, Mahboob, Tārīkh Dārul ‘Ulūm Deoband (Lahore: al-Mīzān Nāshirān wa Tājirān Kutub, 2005), 2:33-36.
‘Ubaidullah Sindhi,Bukhari known as “Maolana Sindhi, see for detail: Akbar Shah, Akābir ‘Ulamā Deoband, (Lahor: Idārah Islāmiyāt, No date), 41-44; Ridvī, Mahboob, Tārīkh Dārul ‘Ulūm Deoband (Lahore: al-Mīzān Nāshirān wa Tājirān Kutub, 2005), 2:33-36.
Muhiyyuddin Ahmad known as “Abul Kalam Azad, see for detail: ‘Abdul Hayy al-Hasani, al-‘Ilām biman fī Tārīkh al-Hind min al-A‘alām (Beruit: Dār Ibn Hazm, 1999), 4:314.
Azad, ‘Abdul Khaliq, Muti, Muqaddimat Tafsīr al-Furqān fī M ‘ārif al-Qurān (Haroonābād (Pakistan): Maktabah Rahimia, 1998, ed. 1st), 1: 47.
Detail already given in reference 2.
Al-Zarkali, al-‘Alām, 5:269.
He is Muhammad Ameen known as “Ibn Abidin”, see: Al-Zarkali, al-‘Alām, 4:185.
Bukhari, Akbar Shah, Akābir ‘Ulamā Deoband, 56.
He Sheikh Rasid Ahmamd Gangohi. See: Bukhari, Akbar Shah, Akābir ‘Ulamā Deoband, 41-44, 56; Ridvī, Mahboob, Tārīkh Dārul ‘Ulūm Deoband, 1:126-30.
He is Sheikh Muhammad Qasim Nanotvi, the founding member of Dārul ‘Ulūm Deoband, known as “ Hujjat al-Islām”, see: Ibid., 21-26; Ridvī, Mahboob, Tārīkh Dārul ‘Ulūm Deoband, 1:156.
‘Abdul Ghanī al-Mujaddidī al-Dehlavi (1820-1879), He was Hadīth scholar as well as Hanafī jurist, see: Nuzhat al-Khawātir, 4:143.
He is Sheikh Muhammad Mazhar Nanotvi, see: ‘Abdul Hayy al-Hasani, Nuzhat al-Khawātir, 4:223.
He is Sheikh Mamlook Ali Nanotvi, Ibid., 4:255.
He is Rashid Ahmad Dehlavi, see: Bukhari, Akbar Shah, Akābir ‘Ulamā Deoband, 126.
He is Shah Abdul Aziz, the son of Shah Wali Alla, se: ‘Abdul Hayy al-Hasani, Nuzhat al-Khawātir, 2:145.
He is Abdul Rahman Amrohi, see: Bukhari, Akbir Shah, Akābir ‘Ulamā Deoband, 68.
He is Shah Ishaq, the grandson of Shah Abdul Aziz, see: Abdul Hayy al-Hasani, Nuzhat al-Khawātir, 2:165.
Bukhari, Akbar Shah, Akābir ‘Ulamā Deoband, 68.
Azad, Abdul Khaliq, Muqaddimah Tafsīr al-Furqān, 6
He is Sheikh Khlil Ahmad Saharanpuri, see: Abdul Hayy al-Hasani, Nuzhat al-Khawātir, 8:122-23; Bukhari, Akbar Shah, Akābir ‘Ulamā Deoband, 2:41-44.
Given already in reference 4.
Given already in reference 3.
Sheikh Abdul Qadir Raipuri, second patron in-chief of the Sūfī order of “Raipūr” from whom a significant number of Indo-Pak scholars got benefitted from his academic and spiritual services. See Abdul Hayy al-Hasani, Nuzhat al-Khawātir, 8:1180-8.
He is Ahmad Ali Lahori, see: Mahmood Shah Bukhari, Watan jī Āzādī jo Imām (Sindh: Lajnat Ihyā al-Adab al-Sindhī, 1984).
Azad, Abdul Khaliq, Muqaddimah Tafsīr al-Qurān, 1:9.
Shah Wali Allah bin Abdul Rahim Dehlavi..
See: Shah Wali Allah, Muqaddimah Fath al-Rahmān bi Tarjamat al-Qurān (Lahore: Tāj Comparny), 22.
Al-Baqarah: 2: 30.
Shah Wali Allah, al-Fawz al-Kabīr fī Uṣūl al-Tafsīr, Arabic Trans. & Annotation by Mufti Saeed Aham Palanpuri, (Karachi: Maktabat al-Bushrā, 2012), 98.
Shah Wali Allah, Fath al-Khabīr bi mā lā Budda min Hifzihī min ‘Ilm al-Tafsīr, the Manuscript (Makkah: Umm al-Qurā University), 3.
Al-Dārmī, al-Sunan, ed. Husanin Salim (S‘audī ‘Arabiah: Dār al-Mughnī, ed. 1st, 1412), 4:2098.
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He is among prominent companions of the prophet (pbuh), see: Ibn Athīr, Asad al-Ghābah fī M ‘arifat al-Ṣahābah, ed. Ahmad Ali al-Mu ‘awwid & Ahmad Adil (Beruit: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1415 A.H. ed. 1st), 3:291-92.
He is Ali bin Abi Talha, see: al-Hafiz al-Mizzi, Tahzīb al-Kamāl fī Asmā al-Rijāl, ed. Bashar Awad Maroof (Beruit: Muassasat al-Risālah, 1400 A.H. Ed.1st), 20:493.
See: Shams al-Din al-Dahabi, Siyar ‘Alām al-Nubalā (Cairo: Dār al-Hadīth, 2006), 5:358.
Shah Wali Allah, al-Fawz al-Kabīr, 42-43.
Shah Wali Allah, Izālat al-Khafā ‘an Khilāfat al-Khulafā, ed. Jamal al-Din al-Harvi, cited from ebook, 1:2.
Al-Muminūn: 23: 101.
Al-Ṣāfāt: 37: 27.
Shah Wali Allah, al-Fawz al-Kabīr, 57.
Qutni, al-Sunan, ed. Shuaib al-Arnūt (Beruit: Muassasat al-Risālah, 2004, ed. 1st), 4:371.
Shah Wali Allah, Hujjat Allāh al-Bālighah, ed. Al-Sayyid Sabiq (Beruit: Dār al-Jīl, ed. 1st), 2:39.
Shah Wali Allah, al-Fawz al-Kabīr, 13-39.
Given already in reference 3.
Shah Wali Allah, al-Fawz al-Kabīr, 62.
Sarwar Nuh, Tarjamat al-Qurān (Persian), 7.
Sindhi, ‘Ubaidullah, Tafsīr al-Maqām al-Mahmūd (Lahore: Makkī Dār al-Kutub, 1997), 1:494.
Sindhi, Shāh Walī Allāh aur unkā Falsafah (Lahore: Sindh Sāgar Academy, 2002), 76-77.
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Ibn Majah, Sunan, ed. Fowad Abdul Baqi (Beruit: Dār Ihyā al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah), Hadīth No. 2714.
Shah Wali Allah, al-Fawz al-Kabīr, 59.
Sindhi, Tafsīr al-Maqām al-Mahmūd, 1:342.
He is Ghulam Allah Khan known as “Sheikh al-Qurān”, see for detail: Abdul Mabud, Sawānih Hayāt Sheikh al-Qurān Ghulām Allāh (Rawalpindi: Kutub Khānah Rashīdiyah, 1410 A.H.), 13.
See: al-Zarkali, al-‘Alām, 4:67.
Ghulam Allah, Tafsīr Jawāhir al-Qurān min Ifādāt al-Sheikh Husain ‘Alī (Rawalpindi: Kutub Khānah Rashīdiyah), 1:88.
See for detail: al-Zarkali, al-‘Alām, 6:313-14.
Al-Nisā: 4: 1.
Al-Baqarah: 2: 240.
See: Ibn Athīr, Asad al-Ghābah, 3:291-92.
Shah Wali Allah, al-Fawz al-Kabīr, 62.
Sindhi, Ilhām al-Rahmān fī Tafsīr al-Qurān (Lahore: Dār al-‘Ilm, 2005), 252.
Ghulam Allah, Tafsīr Jawāhir al-Qurān, 1:116.
Shah Wali Allah, Al-Fawz al-Kabīr, 65.
Sindhi, Ilhām al-Rahmān fī Tafsīr al-Qurān,167.
Husain Ali, Sheikh, Bulghat al-Hairān fī Rabt Āyāt al-Qurān (Gujranwala: Maktabah Hanafiyyah, No date), 21.
Shah Wali Allah, al-Fawz al-Kabīr, 66.
He is famous scholar, Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, see: al-Zarkali, al-‘Alām, 3:301-2.
Husain Ali, Bulghat al-Hairān, 21-22.
Shah Wali Allah, al-Fawz al-Kabīr, 68.
Sindhi, Qurānī Shaūr-e Inqilāb, Comp. Bashir Ahmad Ludhyānvi, ed. Abdul Ghani (Lahore: Qudratullāh Press, ed. 3rd, 1999), 176.
Husain Ali, Bulghat al-Hairān, 22.
Ghulām Allāh, Tafsīr Jawāhir al-Qurān, 3:1235.
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