Inner Human Voracity and Forbearance: Debates of Feminism in the Light of Quran and Iqbal


  • Dr. Rabia Aamir Fellow, Columbia University, New York, USA/ Assistant Professor, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of English, Coordinator Sophy's Forum National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad
  • Dr. Nabegha Mahmood Ph.D. Leadership and Management Studies, Assistant Professor Management Sciences Department, Virtual University of Pakistan
  • Sonia Bokhari Assistant Professor, Department of English, Rawalpindi Women University, Rawalpindi



Feminism, womanism, women’s rights, Iqbal, feminist movements


In the saga of feminist history, the dawn of third decade of the present millennium is at such a juncture that it is questioning a surrogate representation of feminism. Some critics problematize the phenomenon of feminist representation and are of the opinion that truth is being displaced by certainty as displayed in ideas, pictures, and representations. Studying the progression of such representations and portrayal of feminism resulting mostly in a noise and obscenity traversing the phenomenon of an unwomanly woman this paper foregrounds the importance of actual women’s rights. Making use some oracular ideas of Suleri suggesting the need for alternative answers, this paper argues that sloganeering of iconoclastic and idiosyncratic typecasting of feminism need not be imposed on such a colossal scale across academic, polemic, and cultural platforms. Presenting this pervasive issue of feminism, womanism, and women’s rights in the light of alternate modes of understanding, this paper investigates the importance and relevance of revisiting the injunctions of our religious text and Iqbal’s feminist philosophy.


Aamir, R. Women’s Rights or Ontological Erasure? A Feminist Insight into Women Protection Bill (2015). Pakistan Journal of Women’s Studies: Alam-e-Niswan (PAWS)June, 2018), 1:25,79-97.

Aamir, R. Women’s Rights, 79-97

Aamir, R. Women’s Rights,2:36, 39-61.

Adams, E,Chanel Stages Feminist Protest, But Was It Genuine? Retrieved June 3, 2016, from Racked:,(2014, Sep 30).

Suleri, S,The Rhetoric of English India,( Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, . 1992),4:18, p. 761.

Salmasi, K, Feminism, Art and Theatre in Iran (Critical Stages/Scènes Critiques (3), n.p. Retrieved June 3, 2016, from,2010), p. 761.

Shahbaz, H,Zikr-e-Zan(Islamabad: National University of Modern Languages, 2018), p. 117

Al-Room,30: 21.

Ambreen, B, Iqbal: Wajood e Zan (Lahore: Iqbal Academy, 2018), p. 20

Mohammad Iqbal. Kuliat-e-Iqbal. Islamabad: National Book Foundation, 2011. This Kuliat has the books of Bang e Dara, Bal e Jibreel, and Zarb-e-Kaleem, and selected portions of Armaghan e Hijaz. However, since there are different versions of Iqbal’s books available, the page numbers and poem numbers may be different in different versions. Henceforth, except when I am referring to any other work of Iqbal, it will be referenced as ‘Iqbal,’ which may or may not be followed by the page numbers, especially if the title of the poems is mentioned then the citation may not be followed by page numbers. P. 243.

Akhtar, N,Iqbal Aur Wajud-e-Zan( Lahore: The Institute of Research and Writing Pakistan, 1978), p. 5.

Ambreen, B,Iqbal: Wajood e Zan. Lahore: Iqbal Academy, 2018), p. 43.

Aamir, R. Women’s Rights, p. 39-61.

The example of Native American, African Americans, and Mormons may be cited as examples. These principles have been discussed about Native Americans in the paper, And see,than%2016%20million%20members%20worldwide for some explanation about Mormons.


Suleri, S,The Rhetoric of English India, p. 762.

Iqbal M, Kuliat-e-Iqbal, 2011, p. 609.

Ambreen, B,Iqbal: Wajood e Zan(Lahore: Iqbal Academy, 2018), p. 49.

Suleri, S,The Rhetoric of English India, p. 764.

Camille Paglia. Free Women, Free Men: Sex, Gender, Feminism. New York: Pantheon Books, 2017. As this book is downloaded from Z-Library and converted from an epub version therefore does not have page numbers. Pagla, Camille. Camille Paglia on her controversial feminism 7 May 2017. Web. 4 April 2021.

Suleri, S,The Rhetoric of English India, p. 765


Ma`an Zulfu. Arabic-English Dictionary: On the Modern Literary Language. Edinbugh, UK: Darul Isha`at Karachi, 2001, 1973. Print. P. 554. Ma`an Zulfu Madina was an Associate Professor of Middle East Languages and Cultures, Columbia University, New York, USA. In the preface of this dictionary, he writes that he started this project in 1959 which gets finished in 1973 when he is writing the preface.

Paglia, Lesson from History: Transgender Mania is Sign of Cultural Collapse - Camille Paglia, 2016)

Al-Bukhari, Muhammad Ibn Ismaiel. "The Book of Al-Adab (Good Manners)." Sahih Al-Bukhari. Trans. Muhammad Muhsin Khan. Vol. 8. Riyadh: Riyadh Saudi Arabia, n.d. 9 vols. 78-79. Print. Hadith # 6149.

Al- Nisa,4:128.

Iqbal M, Kuliat-e-Iqbal, 2011, p. 608.

Al-ʾanʿām, 6:128.

Faiz, F. A, Intikhab: Pyam e Mashriq, Manzoom Urdu Tarjuma( Lahore: Iqbal Academy Pakistan. Retrieved from



How to Cite

Dr. Rabia Aamir, Dr. Nabegha Mahmood, and Sonia Bokhari. 2020. “Inner Human Voracity and Forbearance: Debates of Feminism in the Light of Quran and Iqbal”. Al-Qamar 4 (4):99-118.