قصۂ اصحابِ ِسبت: سر سید احمد خان، مفتی محمد عبدہ اور رشید رضا کی آرا کا مطالعہ
The Story of Aṣḥab-e-Sabt: A Study of the Thoughts of Syed Ahmad Khan, Mufti Muhammad Abduh and Rashid Rida
Keywords:Ashab-e-Sabt, Maskh, Haqiqi, Man’vi
Sabt was a sacred day for Jews from the period of Hazrat Musa. Almost 11 B.C Bani Israel lived near shore of Red sea, that town was called “Aylah”. These Bani Israel were economically civilized but morally declined. They were prohibited praying for fish on Sabt, but they disobeyed this divine law and were punished and were made monkeys. There is controversy among exegetes whether Bani Israel were made monkeys physically or spiritually (Maskh Haqiqi or Maskh Man’vi), Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Mufti Muhammad Abduh, and Syed Rashid Rida say this conversion was not physical. This tafsir was against the majority of the Mofasserin. After this some Urdu exegetes in subcontinent like Abdul Kalam Azad, Abdul Majid Darya Badi and Amin Ahsan Islahi gave the opinion that those bani Israel were not converted into real monkey but their deeds and minds were converted like monkeys and because of this they were lowered from animals and this was the lesson for other people generally and other Bani Israel especially. This article studies and concludes the opinions of Sir Syed, Abduh and Rashid Rida.
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Tafsir-ul-Quran, Dost Associate Lahore, 1995, Vol.1, p.123.
Ibid, Vol.1, p.123
Rasheed Raza, Syed, Tafsir Al-Manar, Darul Marfha Beirut, Lebanon, Vol.1, p.343
Ibid, Vol. 1, p. 343
Ibid, Vol. 1, p. 344
Ibid, Vol.1, p. 345
Azad, Abul Kalam, Tarjaman-ul-Quran, Malik Din Muhammad & Sons. Lahore, Vol.1, p. 278
Ibid, Vol. 2, p. 90
Daryabadi, Abdul Majid, Tafsir-e-Majdi, Majlis-e-Tehqeeqat wa Nashriyat Islam, Lukhnow, p. 36
Islahi, Amin Ahsan, Tadabbur-e-Quran, Faran Foundation Lahore, Vol.1, p. 245
Ibid, Vol.1, p. 245
Kandhlvi, Muhammad Idrees, Maariful Quran, Maktaba al-Maarif, Darul Uloom Hussainia, Shahdad Pur, Sindh
Daryabadi, Abdul Majid, Tafsir-e-Majdi, p. 36
Ibid, p. 36
Seoharwi, Hifz-ur-Rehman, Qasas ul Quran, Maktabah Rehmania Lahore, Vol.3, p.52
Azad, Abul Kalam, Tarjaman-ul-Quran, Vol.1, p. 263
Ibid, Vol.1, p. 236
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