Causes and Consequences of Women Criminality in Islamic Society: A Case Study of Punjab, Pakistan


  • Dr. Asma Islam Assistant Professor of Sociology, Department of Sociology, Riphah International University (Faisalabad Campus) Punjab, Pakistan
  • Dr. Sohail Amjid Assistant Education Officer, School Education Department, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Ghulam Yaseen M.Phil. Research scholar, Riphah International University (Faisalabad Campus) Punjab, Pakistan


Women, Confinement, Crimes, Imprisonment, Religion, Case Study, Rational Choice Theory (RCT), Thematic Analysis


The current review accentuations exploring the etiology of ladies' relationships in violations and its ramifications on their relations also relatives and children during the sentence. The current exploration proposed to explain that financial and social variables i.e., Islamic culture, low degree of instruction, fewer ramifications of strict family environment, monetarily reliance, and man-centric framework are the hauling factors which are constrained the ladies to commit violations in Pakistan. The close-by research was grounded on the top to bottom discussions led by the specialist herself from females indicted for killers from five significant correctional facilities of Islamic republic Punjab, Pakistan where ten detained ladies were haphazardly chosen for insignificance interviews from individual prisons and generally, 50 women were evaluated during the time of examination. Contextual investigations were laid out on every individual case and results were drawn through topical examination which affirmed that a larger part of the respondents was Muslims and have perpetrated crime because of lack of financial assets, non-attendance of instruction, early marriage, lady of the hour trade, fewer ramifications of Islamic qualities, unlawful connections and unfortunate undertakings with others that created messes in the females out of which dissatisfaction they were carried out such harsh crime.


Ali, Maulana Muhammad. The religion of Islam. Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat Islam Lahore USA, 2015.

Peel, John David Yeadon. Christianity, Islam, and Orisa-Religion: three traditions in comparison and interaction. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2016.

Spalek, Basia, ed. Islam, crime and criminal justice. Routledge, 2013.

Serajzadeh, Seyed Hossein. "Islam and crime: The moral community of Muslims." Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies (2001): 111-131.

Yahya, Khabirah. "Islam, Individual Freedom, and the Pandemic: Reflections of a Muslim American Woman Living in the Middle East." Journal of Islamic Faith and Practice 3, no. 1 (2020): 107-110.

Benekos, Peter J., and Alida V. Merlo. "Three strikes and you're out!: The political sentencing game." The American Court System (2020): 89-95.

Brown, R. Iain F. "Pathological gambling and associated patterns of crime: Comparisons with alcohol and other drug addictions." Journal of Gambling Behavior 3, no. 2 (1987): 98-114.

Weizmann-Henelius, Ghitta, Vappu Viemerö, and Markku Eronen. "The violent female perpetrator and her victim." Forensic science international 133, no. 3 (2003): 197-203.

Arrigo, Bruce A., and Ayanna Griffin. "Serial murder and the case of Aileen Wuornos: Attachment theory, psychopathy, and predatory aggression." Behavioral sciences & the law 22, no. 3 (2004): 375-393.

Hallaq, Wael B. An introduction to Islamic law. Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Forte, Dario. "Log management for effective incident response." Network Security 2005, no. 9 (2005): 4-7.

Hallaq, Wael B. "The origins and evolution of Islamic law." (2005).

Al-Khalifa, Muneera, and Noora Al-Khalifa. "Human rights in the middle-east: The rights of women and children." Refugee Survey Quarterly 26, no. 4 (2007): 232-236.

Al- Qalaam 68:35.

Al- Rr-Rahmna 55:43.

Al- As-Su-Ara 26:99.

Al-Raf 7:84.

Al- Maryam 19:86.

Al-Mursalat 77:18.

Ar-Rum 30:12.

Bloomberg, Linda Dale, and Marie Volpe. "Completing your qualitative dissertation: A road map from beginning to end." (2018).

Williams, Janet BW. "A structured interview guide for the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale." Archives of general psychiatry 45, no. 8 (1988): 742-747.

Willig, C. "Introducing research in psychology: Adventures in theory and method." (2001).

Boyatzis, Richard E. Transforming qualitative information: Thematic analysis and code development. sage, 1998.

Braun, Virginia, and Victoria Clarke. "Using thematic analysis in psychology." Qualitative research in psychology 3, no. 2 (2006): 77-101.

Mauer, Mark. "Why are tough on crime policies so popular." Stan. L. & Pol'y Rev. 11 (1999): 9.

Mumola, Christopher J. Incarcerated parents and their children. US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2000.



How to Cite

Dr. Asma Islam, Dr. Sohail Amjid, and Ghulam Yaseen. 2021. “Causes and Consequences of Women Criminality in Islamic Society: A Case Study of Punjab, Pakistan”. Al-Qamar 4 (2):213-22.