The Significance of Nahj-ul-Balaghah in the Development of Muslim Theosophy: An Analytical Exposition


  • Muhammad Iqbal Shah Professor of Philosophy, Government Islamia Graduate College, Chiniot/PhD Scholar, Department of Philosophy, University of the Punjab, Lahore
  • Dr. Ali Raza Tahir Associate Head, School of Religion & Philosophy, Minhaj University, Lahore Abstract



Illah’yat, Attributes, creatio ex nihilo, Ilm-ul-Kalam, Metaphysics, Muslim Philosophy, Theology, Theosophy, Wisdom


Nahj ul Balagah, the seminal work of wisdom by Ali ibn Talib (Karm Allah Wajho)[i] comprises the sermons, letters and sayings, delivered by him on various occasions during his life till his death. Every piece of writing in this work is exponent of his wisdom and his scholarship. The objective of this article is to highlight the role of Hazrat Ali’s insight and wisdom in the history of theology and theosophy of Islamic history of thought. Moreover, the focus of this humble research is to bring into light the missing aspect of Hazrat Ali’s personality as Theologian and Theosophist along-with to reveal the significance of his sermons and saying in the hot debates of that time theological sects and schools of thought. All his sermons, sayings and letters had been collected (Sharif al-Radi, 970 –1015 AD) and named as Nahj ul Balagah. This book has been read, quoted and revered but it is tragic fact that it had neither been given proper place nor understood impartially. In the same manner, the author, Hazrat Ali (KAW) had been respected and remembered as valor, wise, generous and pious person but very little had been mentioned regarding his being as a Theologian and Theosophist. This research article would reveal the significance of this book, and its relevance regarding the theological or theosophical dimension of the problem of Muslim Theology and Theosophy.



(کرم اللہ وجہہ) (Karm Allah Wajho (KAW)

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This is approximate. in various books there are difference of the dates:

Birth. 13 Rajab, 23 B.H. /17 March, 599/600 – Death. 21 Ramzan 40H / 27 January 661)

Ali Ibn Talib, Nahaj ul Balalgh (Urdu). Sermon 191, Edited by Syed Sharif Al-Razi. (Lahore: Shia General Book Agency, 1394 H), 581.

Ali, Sermon 188, pp 559.

The content of Nahj ul Balagaha has been compiled by Sharif al-Radi (970–1015 AD). He was celebrated Shia scholar.

Abū al-Ḥasan Muḥammad bin al-Ḥussain Bin Mūsā Al-Abrash Al-Mūsawī famous as al-Sharīf al-Raḍī. His father’s name was Abu Ahmad al-Hussain Ibn Musa who was progeny of Ibrahim al-Asghar, who was the 7TH Shia Imam named Musa Kazim.

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Pike, 374.

Allama Muhammad Iqbal, The Reconstruction of Religious Thought In Islam (Lahore: Institute of Islamic Culture, 2015), 143.

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Ali, Sermon 184, pp 545-.

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How to Cite

Muhammad Iqbal Shah, and Dr. Ali Raza Tahir. 2024. “The Significance of Nahj-Ul-Balaghah in the Development of Muslim Theosophy: An Analytical Exposition”. Al-Qamar, June, 17-38.