الخنثى وأحكامه الخاصة المتعلقة بالصلاة والختان والنكاح والإرث في الشريعة الإسلامية

The Hermaphrodite and its Special Rulings related to Prayer, Circumcision, Marriage and Inheritance in Islamic Law

Authors

  • Hafiz Muhammad Shah Faisal Lecturer in Islamic Studies, Federal Urdu University Islamabad
  • Rahim Ullah Doctoral Candidate International Islamic University Islamabad
  • Dr. Abdul Majid Assistant Professor Department of Quran & Sunnah Federal Urdu University Karachi

Keywords:

Hermaphrodite, rulings, Islamic Law

Abstract

The Topic of Hermaphrodite is one of the real issues in society, and the jurists have been exposed to it in many of their books and to clarify the important issues in it. That is because it contains problems that lead to error and confusion between the permissible and the forbidden. And I ask God Almighty that this research be based on these problems and clarify the ruling concerning them. For this reason, the research was divided into three topics. In the first topic, I talked about the definitions of the hermaphrodite, and after fully examining the opinions of the jurists in defining the concept of the hermaphrodite, I showed the collector and the determinant of the meaning of the hermaphrodite for the meaning to be an introduction to the subject we are dealing with. As for the second topic, it includes the distribution of the hermaphrodite, its division of the hermaphrodite and the hermaphrodite not forming, and an explanation of what is known to be male or female. As for the third topic, it is the provisions specific to the hermaphrodite, and it includes the important issues in its subject, which are the provisions related to prayer, his marriage, his inheritance, his circumcision, his wearing of gold and silk, his washing, shrouding and burial.

References

Al-Najm, 53:45.

Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn ul-Hasan bin Duraid al-Azdi, Jamhrat ul-Lughah (Beirut: Dar ul-Ilam - 1987), 1:418.

Muhamad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Al-azhari Al-harawi, Ṭahdhib ul lughat (Beirut: Dar ul Ihya ul Toras, 2001), 7:145.

Muhammad Ibn Mukaram bin Ali, Abu al-Fazal, Jamal ud Din Ibn Manzoor al-Ansari al-Ruwaifai al-Afriqi, Lisan al-Arab (Beirut: Dar Sader ,1414 ), 2:145.

Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Abi Ahmad, Abu Bakr Ala ud Din al-Ṣamarqandi ,Ṭuhfat ul-Fuqaha (Beirut: Ḍar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyya, 1414 - 1994), 3:357.

Abdullah Ibn Mahmood bin Mawdod Al-Mawsili Al-Baldahi, Majd Al Din, Abu Al-Fadal, Al-HanafiAl-Halabi, Alaikhtiar litaelil ul mukhtar (Beirut: Ḍar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmia, 1356/ 1937), 339.

Abu Zakaria Mohieuddin Yahya Ibn Sharaf al-Nawawi, Ṭahdhib alasma wallughat (Beirut Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyya), 3:100.

Qazi Abd ul Nabi Ibn Abdul-Rasoul al Ahmad Nikri, Dustor ul ulama jamie ul uloom fi istilahat al-fonon (Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyya , 1421 - 2000), 2:65.

Abu Bakar bin Masoud Ibn Ahmad Al-Kasani Al-Hanafi, Badai Al-Sanai (Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyya, 1406 - 1986), 7:327.

Al-Kasani, Badaai al-Sanai, 7: 328.

Abu Muhammad Muwaffaq al-Din Abdullah Ibn Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Qudamah al-Jamali al-Maqdisi al-Dimashqi al-Hanbali, Almoghni (Cairo : Library, 1388 - 1968), 6:336.

Ibn Qudamah , Almoghni, 6:337.

Ali Ibn Abi Bakr Ibn Abdul Jalil Al-Farghani Al-Marginani, Abu Al-Hassan Burhan Al-Din, Alhidaya fi sharh bidayat al-Mubtadi (Beirut Lebanon : Dar Ihya ul Ṭoras ), 4:546.

Al-Marginani, Al-hidaya fi sharhi bidayat al-Mubtadi, 4:546.

Mansour Ibn Yunus Ibn Salah Al-Din bin Hassan Ibn Idris Al -Bahouti Al-Hanbali, Kashaf al-qinae ean matn al-iqna (Beirut: Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyya), 4:470.

Al-Marginani, Alhidaya fi sharh bidayat almubtadi, 6:336.

Othman bin Ali Ibn Mihjen Al-Barei, Fakhr Al Din Al Zailai Al-Hanafi, Tabyin al haqaiq Sharh kanz al ḍaqaiq (Cairo: Al-Maktbatul Amiria, 1313), 6:214.

Abu al-Abbas Shihab al-Din Ahmad Ibn Idris Ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Maliki, al-Qarafi, Adhakhira (Beirut: Dar al-Gharb al-Islami 1994), 13:26 .

Mansour Ibn Yunus Bin Salah Al-Din Bin Hassan Bin Idris Al-Bahouti Al-Hanbali, Ḍaqayiq uwli al Nahaa li sharh al-Muntaha, (Alimul Kutob, 1414 - 1993), 2:546.

Shams Al-Din Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abdul Rahman Al-Tarabulsi Al-Maghribi, Mawahib al-Jalil fi sharh Mukhtasar Khalil (Beirut: Dar Al-Fikr, 1412 / 1992), 6:432.

Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Basri al-Baghdadi, Al-ḥawi al-kabir fi fiqh madhhab al-Imam al- shafai (Beirut – Lebanon: 1419 -1999), 9:382.

Al-Sibaeii, Al-tabib adabuho wa fiqhoho, 318.

Muhamad ali al-bar, khalaqa al-Insan bayna al-tibbi wa al-Quran 492.

Al-Sibaei, Al-Tabib adabuho wa fiqhoho, 319.

Al-Sibaei, Al-Tabib adabuho wa fiqhoho, 320.

Al-Kasani, Badaai Al- Ṣanai, 1:159.

Abu Al-Qasim, Muhammad bin Ahmed Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abdullah, Ibn Juzzy Al-Kalbi Al-Gharnati, Al-qawanin al-fiqhia, 48.

Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Al-Ghazali Al-Tusi, Alwasit fi al-Madhhab li Abu Hamid (Cairo: Dar Al-Salaam, 1417), 2:226.

Abu Zakaria Muhyi al-Din Yahya Ibn Sharaf Al-Nawawi, Al-Majmo Sharah al-Muhazzab (Beirut: Dar al-Fikr), 4:255.

Al-Kasani, Badai al- Sanai, 7:328.

Othman Ibn Ali Ibn Mihjan Al-Bareei, Fakhr Al-Din Al-Zailei Al-Ḥanafi, Ṭabyeen al-Haqayiq Sharah Kanz al-Daqaiq (Cairo: Al-Matbatul Amiria 1313 ), 6:216.

Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Mahmood, Akmal Al-Din Abu Abdullah Ibn Sheikh Shams Al-Din Ibn al-Sheikh Jamal Al-Din Al-Rumi, Al-Babarti, Al-einaya Sharh al-Ḥidaya (Beirut :Ḍar al-Fikr), 10:251 .

Abu Muhammad Mahmood Ibn Ahmad bin Musa Ibn Ahmed Ibn Hussein Al-Ghitabi Al-Ḥanafi Badr Al-Din Al-Aini, Al-Binaya Sharh al-Hidaya (Beirut: Ḍar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyya, 1420 - 2000) 13:533,534 .

Al-Kasani, Badai al- Ṣanai , 7:239.

Ibne Abideen, Muhammad Amin Ibn Omar Ibn Abdul Aziz Abideen Al-Dimashqi Al-Hanafi, Rad Al-Muhtar ala Al-Durar Al-Mukhtar (Beirut: Ḍar Al-Fikr, 1412 - 1992), 6:728 .

Abu Muhammad Muwaffaq al-Din Abdullah Ibn Ahmed bin Muhammad Ibn Qudamah al-Maqdisi al-Ḍimashqi al-Ḥanbali, Almughni (Cairo: Library), 7:619.

Al-Kasani Badai Al-Ṣanai, 7:328 .

Al-Marginani, Al-Hidaya fi Sharhi Bidaya al-Mubtadi, 4:548.

Muhammad Ibn Ahmed Ibn Abi Sahal Al-Sarkhsi, Al-Mabsoot (Beirut: Dar Al-Marifa,1414 /1993), 30:113.

Published

2022-06-30

How to Cite

Hafiz Muhammad Shah Faisal, Rahim Ullah, and Dr. Abdul Majid. 2022. “الخنثى وأحكامه الخاصة المتعلقة بالصلاة والختان والنكاح والإرث في الشريعة الإسلامية: The Hermaphrodite and Its Special Rulings Related to Prayer, Circumcision, Marriage and Inheritance in Islamic Law”. Al-Qamar 5 (2):37-44. https://alqamarjournal.com/index.php/alqamar/article/view/990.